Vata Dosha and its effects on Health

Vata Dosha and its Characteristics. Effects of changes in Vata Dosha on our Health.


Ayurveda aims holistic treatment i.e. body and soul both are given attention. As per Ayurveda Our body is made of 5 elements Fire, Water, Earth, Air & Ether. The functional aspect of our body is governed by three primary life forces or humors called Vata, Pitta, Kapha.

When these three doshas are in balanced state our body is in healthy state and when this Tridosha gets imbalanced we are no more healthy.

What is Tridoshas?

As per Ayurveda Test book – Ashtang Haridya, Tridosha is defined in following Sholkas:

वायु: पतं कफचेत यो दोषा: समासत: ॥ वकृताऽवकृता देहं नित ते वतयित च ।

vāyu: pittaṃ kaphaśceti trayo doṣā: samāsata: || vikṛtā’vikṛtā dehaṃ ghnanti te varttayanti ca |

Meaning of Sholkas : Vata, Pitta and Kapha are the three Doshas of the body. Perfect balance of three Doshas leads to health, imbalance in Tridoshas leads to diseases.

The Tridoshas are present all over the body, but their presence is especially seen in particular parts. If you divide the body into three parts,

Kapha Dosha Region Pitta Dosha Region Vata Dosha Region
Top part up to chest is dominated by Kapha Dosha From Chest to Navel Area is dominated by Pitta Dosha Below umbilicus/Navel part is dominated by

Types of Prakruti – Body Types

Our Body type is of following Prakruti :

शु ातवथै: जमादौ वषेणैव वषकृमे: ॥ तैच त: कृतयो हनमयोतमा: पथकृ ् । समधात: समतास ु ु ेठा नया वदोषजा ॥

śukrārtavasthai: janmādau viṣeṇaiva viṣakṛme: || taiśca tisra: prakṛtayo hīnamadhyottamā: pṛthak | samadhātu: samastāsu śreṣṭhā nindyā dvidoṣajā ||

As poisonous insects have poison as inherent property , similarly, the Prakruti (body type) is inherent to humans. The body type is decided during conception, based on qualities of sperm and ovum.




Characteristics of Vata Dosha

As per the shlokas, following are the characteristics of Vata Dosha

त ो लघु: शीत: खर: सू मचलोऽनल: ॥

tatra rūkṣo laghu: śīta: khara: sūkṣmaścalo’nila: ||

  • Dryness

  • Lightness

  • Coldness

  • Roughness

  • Short

  • Movement


Functions of Vata Dosha

तंचलः उसाहोवास नवास चेटावेगवतनैः सयगया च धातनां ू अाणांपाटवेन चअनु गणात ृ अवकृतः

    • Vatha Dosha regulates respiration process

    • Vata is responsible for all movements.
        • Movement of blood in blood vessels,

        • Movement of nutrients,

        • Movement of air in lungs

        • Locomotion/Movements of hands and legs etc.

    • Regulates all activities of mind, speech.

    • Initiation of natural urges
        • Tears,

        • Faeces,

        • Urination,

        • Sneezing

        • Coughing,

        • Vomiting

        • Yawning etc

    • Maintenance of the Dhatus (tissues) in their normalcy and proper functioning of the sense organs

Effects of increased Vata Dosha (Vata Imbalance)

वत ृ ुकुतेअनलः कायकायउनकामवकपानाशकृहान् बलनेियंशलापमदनताः

When Vata dosha increases, following effects are made on the body.

    • Black discoloration,

    • Desire for hot things,

    • Tremors

    • Bloating, fullness, distention of the abdomen,

    • Constipation,

    • Loss of strength,

    • Loss of sleep

    • Loss of sensory functions,

    • Irrelevant speech,

    • Delusion, Dizziness giddiness

    • Timidity (peevishness).

Effects of decreased Vata Dosha (Vata Imbalance)

लगंीणेअनलेअगय सदो अप भाषतेहतम ् संामोहतथा लेमवय ृ ु तामाशायसभवः

    • No able to move of the body,

    • The person speaks very little

    • Loss of sensation (awareness) and of consciousness

    • Occurrence of all the symptoms of increased Pitta or Kapha

At Ayulife, our doctors analyze the patient based on their “prakruti” and then figure out the imbalanced doshas.

The Ayurveda treatment is based on this “Prakruti” analysis only and the success of treatment depends on how experienced the doctor is to analyze the imbalanced Tridoshas.

Please note so far there is not any instrument which could measure the imbalance in Tridoshas and at Ayulife our doctors and staff is well experienced into it.


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