Pitta Dosha in Ayurveda and its affects on the health

What is Pitta Dosha and its qualities ? How does it affect the patients on increase of decrease of Pitta Dosha?


Ayurveda aims holistic treatment i.e. Body and Soul both. Our body is made of 5 elements Fire, Water, Earth, Air & Ether or Space The functional aspect of body is governed by of three humors. Vata, Pita, Kapha.

The state of balance or equilibrium between these three doshas in the body is called health and the state of imbalance or disequilibrium is disease. The imbalance may be in one, two or all the three doshas.

What is Tridosha?

As mentioned in the Ayurveda Test books — AshtangHaridya

वायु: पतं कफचेत यो दोषा: समासत: ॥ वकृताऽवकृता देहं नित ते वतयित च ।

vāyu: pittaṃ kaphaśceti trayo doṣā: samāsata: || vikṛtā’vikṛtā dehaṃ ghnanti te varttayanti ca |

Vayu/ Vata, Pitta and kapha are the three Doshas of the body.
Perfect balance of three Doshas leads to health, imbalance in Tridosha leads to diseases

The Tridosha are present all over the body, but their presence is especially seen in particular parts. If you divide the body into three parts, the top part upto chest is dominated by Kapha Dosha, between chest and umbilicus is dominated by Pitta, below umbilicus part is dominated by Vata.

Types of Prakruti – Body Types

शु ातवथै: जमादौ वषेणैव वषकृमे: ॥ तैच त: कृतयो हनमयोतमा: पथकृ ् । समधात: समतास ु ु ेठा नया वदोषजा ॥

śukrārtavasthai: janmādau viṣeṇaiva viṣakṛme: || taiśca tisra: prakṛtayo hīnamadhyottamā: pṛthak | samadhātu: samastāsu śreṣṭhā nindyā dvidoṣajā ||

Like the poison is natural and inherent to poisonous insects, similarly, the Prakruti (body type) is inherent to humans. The body type is decided during conception, based on qualities of sperm and ovum.



Characteristics of Pitta Dosha 

पतं सनेह तीणोणं लघु वं सरं वम ।

् pittaṃ sasneha tīkṣṇoṣṇaṃ laghu visraṃ saraṃ dravam |

  • Slightly oily, unctuous,
  • Piercing, entering into deep tissues,
  • Hotness,
  • Lightness,
  • Bad Odour from body.
  • Having fluidity, movement,
  • Liquidity are the qualities of Pitta.

Functions of Pitta Dosha 

पतंपयूमदशनैः ुतृ चभामेधाधीशौयतनु मादवैः

In its normal state, Pitta causes:

  • Digestion and metabolism.
  • Maintenance of body temperature,
  • Maintains vision,
  • Causes hunger,
  • Thirst, appetite,
  • Maintains skin complexion,
  • Gives Intelligence, courage, valour
  • Leads to softness (suppleness) of the body.

Effects of increased Pitta Dosha

पीतवमू नेवुतदाहापनताः ृ पतम ्

Pitta when increased produces

  • Yellow discoloration of the faeces, urine, eyes, and skin;
  • Excess hunger and thirst,
  • Feeling of burning sensation and very little sleep

Effects of Decreased Pitta Dosha

पते मदो अनलः शीतं भाहानः

  • Weakness of digestive activity,
  • Coldness
  • Loss of luster (complexion)  

At Ayulife Ayurveda Panchkarma Clinic, our doctors analyze all the patients based on their “Prakruti” and then the analysis or diagnose is prepared for imbalanced doshas.

Please note there is no instrument to measure the imbalanced doshas, it can only be ascertained based on the experience of doctor and success of Ayurveda treatment depends on the right diagnose of the doshas. At Ayulife our docrors and staff is well experienced into this.

We treat the patients for their imbalanced doshas based on Ayurveda medicines or Panchakarma therapies.


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