Kapha Dosha in Ayurveda and how its affects the “Prakruti” ? Disease caused due to imbalance n in Tridoshas

Ayurveda aims holistic treatment i.e. body and soul both. It is based on oil and herbal massages. Our body is made of 5 elements Fire, Water, Earth, Air & Ether. But functional aspect is governed by of three primary life forces or humors. Vata, Pita, Kapha.

The state of balance or equilibrium between these three doshas in the body is called health and the state of imbalance or disequilibrium is disease. The imbalance may be in one, two or all the three doshas.

What are tridoshas?

As mentioned in the Ayurveda Test books — AshtangHaridya

वायु: पतं कफचेत यो दोषा: समासत: ॥ वकृताऽवकृता देहं नित ते वतयित च ।

vāyu: pittaṃ kaphaśceti trayo doṣā: samāsata: || vikṛtā’vikṛtā dehaṃ ghnanti te varttayanti ca |

Vayu/ Vata, Pitta and kapha are the three Doshas of the body.
Perfect balance of three Doshas leads to health, imbalance in Tridosha leads to diseases

The Tridosha are present all over the body, but their presence is especially seen in particular parts. If you divide the body into three parts, the top part upto chest is dominated by Kapha Dosha, between chest and umbilicus is dominated by Pitta, below umbilicus part is dominated by Vata.

Types of Prakruti – Body Types

शु ातवथै: जमादौ वषेणैव वषकृमे: ॥ तैच त: कृतयो हनमयोतमा: पथकृ ् । समधात: समतास ु ु ेठा नया वदोषजा ॥

śukrārtavasthai: janmādau viṣeṇaiva viṣakṛme: || taiśca tisra: prakṛtayo hīnamadhyottamā: pṛthak | samadhātu: samastāsu śreṣṭhā nindyā dvidoṣajā ||

Like the poison is natural and inherent to poisonous insects, similarly, the Prakruti (body type) is inherent to humans. The body type is decided during conception, based on qualities of sperm and ovum.

संसगः सिनपातच तवयकोपतः

The increase, decrease of individual Doshas, or imbalance of couple of these Doshas is called as Samsarga. And imbalance of all the three Doshas together is called as Sannipata.

Qualities of Kapha

िनध: शीतो गमद: लणो म ु न: िथर: कफ: ॥

ृ snigdha: śīto gururmanda: ślakṣṇo mṛtsna: sthira: kapha: ||

These are are the qualities of Kapha Doshas

  • Snigdhna – oily,
  • unctuous,
  • Sheeta – cold,
  • Guru – heavy,
  • Manda – mild, viscous,
  • shlakshna – smooth, clear,
  • Mrutsna – slimy, jely,
  • sthira – stability, immobility

Functions of Kapha Dosha –

लेमा िथरविनधवसिधबधमादभः

Kapha confers stability, lubrication, compactness (firmness) of the joints,
Kshama – It is the cause for mental capacity to withstand or withhold emotions, strains etc. It is also cause for forgiveness.

Effects of increased of Kapha

लेमा अिनसदनसेकालयगौरवम ् वैयशैयशलथागवं वासकासातनताः

Kapha, when increased produces

• Agnisadana – weak digestive activity,
• Praseka – excess salivation,
• Alasya – lassitude, laziness
• Gaurava – feeling of heaviness,
• Shvaithya – white discoloration,
• Shaithya – coldness,
• Shlathangatva – looseness of the body parts,
• Shwasa – dyspnoea, asthma, COPD
• Kasa – cough, cold
• Atinidrata – excess of sleep

Effects of Decrease of Kapha

कफे मः लेमाशयानां शू यवं वः शलथसिधता

  • Bhrama – Delusion, Dizziness,
  • Shunyatva – emptiness of the organs of Kapha,
  • hrudrava – tremors of the heart (palpitation) and
  • Shlatha sandhita – looseness of the joints.

At Ayulife Ayurveda Panchkarma Clinic, our doctors analyze all the patients based on their “Prakruti” and then the analysis or diagnose is prepared for imbalanced doshas.
Please note there is no instrument to measure the imbalanced doshas, it can only be ascertained based on the experience of doctor and success of Ayurveda treatment depends on the right diagnose of the doshas. At Ayulife our docrors and staff is well experienced into this.
We treat the patients for their imbalanced doshas based on Ayurveda medicines or Panchkarma therapies.

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