Kapha Dosha in Ayurveda and is effects on the body

Kapha Dosha in Ayurveda and how it affects the “Prakruti” ? Effects of imbalance in Tridosha.


Ayurveda aims holistic treatment i.e. body and soul both. It is based on oil and herbal massages. Our body is made of 5 elements Fire, Water, Earth, Air & Ether. The functional aspect is governed by of three primary Life forces or humors. Vata, Pita, Kapha.

When Tridoshs is in balanced state the body is healthy and when in state of imbalance body is unhealthy

What are Tridoshas?

As mentioned in the Ayurveda Test books — Ashtang Haridya, Tridosha is defined as

वायु: पतं कफचेत यो दोषा: समासत: ॥ वकृताऽवकृता देहं नित ते वतयित च ।

vāyu: pittaṃ kaphaśceti trayo doṣā: samāsata: || vikṛtā’vikṛtā dehaṃ ghnanti te varttayanti ca |

Vayu/ Vata, Pitta and kapha are the three Doshas of the body.
Perfect balance of three Doshas leads to health, imbalance in Tridosha leads to diseases

he Tridosha are present all over the body, but their presence is especially seen in particular parts. If you divide the body into three parts

Kapha Dosha Region Pitta Dosha Region Vata Dosha Region
Top part up to chest is dominated by Kapha Dosha From Chest to Navel Area is dominated by Pitta Dosha Below umbilicus/Navel part is dominated by

Types of Prakruti – Body Types

शु ातवथै: जमादौ वषेणैव वषकृमे: ॥ तैच त: कृतयो हनमयोतमा: पथकृ ् । समधात: समतास ु ु ेठा नया वदोषजा ॥

śukrārtavasthai: janmādau viṣeṇaiva viṣakṛme: || taiśca tisra: prakṛtayo hīnamadhyottamā: pṛthak | samadhātu: samastāsu śreṣṭhā nindyā dvidoṣajā ||

Like the poison is inherent to poisonous insects, similarly, the Prakruti (body type) is inherent to humans. The body type is decided during conception, based on qualities of sperm and ovum.

संसगः सिनपातच तवयकोपतः

The increase, decrease of individual Doshas, or imbalance of couple of these Doshas is called as Samsarga. And imbalance of all the three Doshas together is called as Sannipata.


Characteristics of Kapha Dosha

िनध: शीतो गमद: लणो म ु न: िथर: कफ: ॥

ृ snigdha: śīto gururmanda: ślakṣṇo mṛtsna: sthira: kapha: ||

These are the characteristics of Kapha Doshas

    • Oily Skin.  
    • Unctuous,
    • Coldness in body. 
    • Body Weight is usually higher, Tendency to Obesity.
    • Lethargic, Not quite Active. 
    • Body Smoothness.
    • Lack of mobility in person.

    Functions of Kapha Dosha

    लेमा िथरविनधवसिधबधमादभः

    • Kapha confers stability, lubrication, compactness (firmness) of the joints,
    • Easily Convincing Personality. 

    Effects of increased Kapha Dosha on Body

    लेमा अिनसदनसेकालयगौरवम ् वैयशैयशलथागवं वासकासातनताः

    Kapha, when increases, it causes

    • Weak Digestion
    • Excess salivation.
    • Lethargy in Body, laziness
    • Feeling of heaviness,
    • Usually Fair Skin
    • Coldness in Body.
    • Looseness of the body parts,
    • Dysponea, asthma, COPD
    • Prone ot Cough, cold
    • Excess of sleep

    Effects of Decreased Kapha Dosha in Body

    कफे मः लेमाशयानां शू यवं वः शलथसिधता

    • Emptiness of the organs of Kapha,
    • Tremors of the heart (palpitation) 
    • Looseness of the joints.
    • Delusion, Dizziness,

    At Ayulife Ayurveda Panchakarma Clinic, our doctors analyze all the patients based on their “Prakruti” and then the analysis or diagnose is prepared for imbalanced doshas.
    Please note there is no instrument to measure the imbalanced doshas, it can only be ascertained based on the experience of doctor and success of Ayurveda treatment depends on the right diagnose of the doshas. At Ayulife our docrors and staff is well experienced into this.
    We treat the patients for their imbalanced doshas based on Ayurveda medicines or Panchakarma therapies.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *